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Monday, February 3, 2020 | History

4 edition of Nicholas Machiavel"s Prince found in the catalog.

Nicholas Machiavel"s Prince

Nicholas Machiavel"s Prince

also, The life of Castruccio Castracani of Lucca, and the meanes Duke Valentine us"d to put to death Vitellozzo Vitelli, Oliverotto of Fermo, Paul, and the Duke of Gravina

by

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Published by Printed for Daniel Pakeman in London .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Castracani, Castruccio, -- 1281-1328,
  • Borgia, Cesare, -- 1476?-1507,
  • Political science -- Early works to 1800.,
  • Political ethics.

  • Edition Notes

    Statementtranslated out of Italian into English by E.D. ; with some animadversions noting and taxing his errors.
    GenreEarly works to 1800.
    SeriesEarly English books, 1641-1700 -- 640:13.
    ContributionsDacres, Edward., Machiavelli, Niccolo, 1469-1527.
    The Physical Object
    FormatMicroform
    Pagination[8], 168, [4] p.
    Number of Pages168
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL16797889M

    Now that Florence had cast off the Medici, Machiavelli hoped to be restored to his old post at the chancery. His important writings, however, were composed after when he was accused of conspiracy in Therefore, one who becomes a prince through the favour of the people ought to keep them friendly, and this he can easily do seeing they only ask not to be oppressed by him. Because, if one is on the spot, disorders are seen as they spring up, and one can quickly remedy them; but if one is not at hand, they are heard of only when they are great, and then one can no longer remedy them.

    But when states are acquired in a country differing in language, customs, or laws, there are difficulties, and good fortune and great energy are needed to hold them, and one of the greatest and most real helps would be that he who has acquired them should go and reside there. In our times, during the rule of Alexander the Sixth, Oliverotto da Fermo, having been left an orphan many years before, was brought up by his maternal uncle, Giovanni Fogliani, and in the early days of his youth sent to fight under Pagolo Vitelli, that, being trained under his discipline, he might attain some high position in the military profession. Therefore Louis made these five errors: he destroyed the minor powers, he increased the strength of one of the greater powers in Italy, he brought in a foreign power, he did not settle in the country, he did not send colonies. As Bireley reports, in the 16th century, Catholic writers "associated Machiavelli with the Protestants, whereas Protestant authors saw him as Italian and Catholic". And if his successors had been united they would have enjoyed it securely and at their ease, for there were no tumults raised in the kingdom except those they provoked themselves.

    He writes: "They were freer than their forefathers in dress and living, and spent more in other kinds of excesses, consuming their time and money in idleness, gaming, and women; their chief aim was to appear well dressed and to speak with wit and acuteness, whilst he who could wound others the most cleverly was thought the wisest. It was necessary, therefore, to Moses that he should find the people of Israel in Egypt enslaved and oppressed by the Egyptians, in order that they should be disposed to follow him so as to be delivered out of bondage. One of the major innovations Gilbert noted was that Machiavelli focused upon the "deliberate purpose of dealing with a new ruler who will need to establish himself in defiance of custom". This would make his position more secure and durable, as it has made that of the Turk in Greece, who, notwithstanding all the other measures taken by him for holding that state, if he had not settled there, would not have been able to keep it. Such was his line of action as to present affairs. Machiavelli has painted Ferdinand of Aragon as the man who accomplished great things under the cloak of religion, but who in reality had no mercy, faith, humanity, or integrity; and who, had he allowed himself to be influenced by such motives, would have been ruined.


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Nicholas Machiavels Prince book

THE PRINCE

For he had killed as many of the dispossessed lords as he could lay hands on, and few had escaped; he had won over the Roman gentlemen, and he had the most numerous party in the college.

Political-military alliances continually changed, featuring condottieri mercenary leaderswho changed sides without warning, and the rise and fall of many short-lived governments. And above all things, a prince ought to live amongst his people in such a way that no unexpected circumstances, whether of good or evil, shall make him change; because if the necessity for this comes in troubled times, you are too late for harsh measures; and mild ones will not help you, for they will be considered as forced from you, and no one will be under any obligation to you for them.

Of these four things, at the death of Alexander, he had accomplished three. But it appearing a paltry thing to serve under others, he resolved, with the aid of some citizens of Fermo, to whom the slavery of their country was dearer than its liberty, and with the help of the Vitelleschi, to seize Fermo.

If, therefore, all the steps taken by the duke be considered, it will be seen that he laid solid foundations for his future power, and I do not consider it superfluous to discuss them, because I do not know what better precepts to give a new prince than the example of his actions; and if his dispositions were of no avail, that was not his fault, but the extraordinary and extreme malignity of fortune.

He, also, it was who made the dissolution of his marriage a condition of support to Pope Alexander VI; which leads Machiavelli to refer those who urge that such promises should be kept to what he has written concerning the faith of princes.

Such was his line of action as to present affairs. According to Strausspp.

Nicholas Machiavel’s Prince. Also, the life of Castruccio Castracani of Lucca.

Which errors, had he lived, were not enough to injure him had he not made a sixth by taking away their dominions from the Venetians; because, had he not aggrandized the Church, nor brought Spain into Italy, it would have been very reasonable and necessary to humble them; but having first taken these steps, he ought never to have consented to their ruin, for they, being powerful, would always have kept off others from designs on Lombardy, to which the Venetians would never have consented except to become masters themselves there; also because the others would not wish to take Lombardy from France in order to give it to the Venetians, and to run counter to both they would not have had the courage.

From to held an official post at Florence which included diplomatic missions to various European courts. In Florence restored the republicexpelling the Medici family that had ruled Florence for some sixty years. Moreover, colonies are cheaper to maintain than having a permanent army in the new territory.

In Italy, princes have lost their positions not because of bad luck, but because they have not acted wisely. The cloak of religion still conceals the vices which Machiavelli laid bare in the character of Ferdinand of Aragon. King Louis was brought into Italy by the ambition of the Venetians, who desired to obtain half the state of Lombardy by his intervention.

Le Prince de Machiavel (Résumé)

It was his intention to secure himself against them, and this he would have quickly accomplished had Alexander lived.

He should study war even in the times of peace, using history as a guide and imitating successful warriors. Nor is it enough for you to have exterminated the family of the prince, because the lords that remain make themselves the heads of fresh movements against you, and as you are unable either to satisfy or exterminate them, that state is lost whenever time brings the opportunity.

These principalities are liable to danger when they are passing from the civil to Nicholas Machiavels Prince book absolute order of government, for such princes either rule personally or through magistrates.

Again, the prince who holds a country differing in the above respects ought to make himself the head and defender of his less powerful neighbours, and to weaken the more powerful amongst them, taking care that no foreigner as powerful as himself shall, by any accident, get a footing there; for it will always happen that such a one will be introduced by those who are discontented, either through excess of ambition or through fear, as one has seen already.

Politics remained his main passion and, to satisfy this interest, he maintained a well-known correspondence with more politically connected friends, attempting to become involved once again in political life. Besides this, the country is not pillaged by your officials; the subjects are satisfied by prompt recourse to the prince; thus, wishing to be good, they have Nicholas Machiavels Prince book cause to love him, and wishing to be otherwise, to fear him.

From this a general rule is drawn which never or rarely fails: that he who is the cause of another becoming powerful is ruined; because that predominancy has been brought about either by astuteness or else by force, and both are distrusted by him who has been raised to power.

Such stand simply elevated upon the goodwill and the fortune of him who has elevated them—two most inconstant and unstable things. Those may be called properly used, if of evil it is possible to speak well, that are applied at one blow and are necessary to one's security, and that are not persisted in afterwards unless they can be turned to the advantage of the subjects.

Scott Adams of Dilbert fame and the writers of The Office have some hysterical views on corporate politics. Machiavelli was the accredited agent of the Florentine Republic to Cesare Borgia during the transactions which led up to the assassinations of the Orsini and Vitelli at Sinigalia, and along with his letters to his chiefs in Florence he has left an account, written ten years before "The Prince," of the proceedings of the duke in his "Descritione del modo tenuto dal duca Valentino nello ammazzare Vitellozzo Vitelli," etc.

Because men, when they receive good from him of whom they were expecting evil, are bound more closely to their benefactor; thus the people quickly become more devoted to him than if he had been raised to the principality by their favours; and the prince can win their affections in many ways, but as these vary according to the circumstances one cannot give fixed rules, so I omit them; but, I repeat, it is necessary for a prince to have the people friendly, otherwise he has no security in adversity.contents.

introduction youth aet. — office aet. — literature and death aet. — the man and his works dedication the prince chapter i how many kinds of principalities there are, and by what means they are acquired chapter ii concerning hereditary principalities.

Niccolo Machiavelli’s The Prince: Book Review Niccolo Machiavelli’s renowned 16th century political treatise The Prince or Il Principe, has been the cause of much interest and study over the last few hundred years.

Its relevance in the modern day is accounted for. As a diplomat in turbulent fifteenth-century Florence, Niccolo Machiavelli knew how quickly political fortunes could rise and fall. The Prince, his tough-minded, pragmatic handbook on how power really works, made his name notorious and has remained controversial ever since/5(3).

User Review - Flag as inappropriate I read it and now I rule North Korea, Russia, Japan, and China. All of those people you see are just puppetsThis is a joke.4/5(). Sep 27,  · Prince Nicholas Romanov, who has died aged 91, was the great-great-grandson of Nicholas I, Tsar of all the Russias from toand the oldest member of.

Jan 09,  · The Prince is one of the most influential works in political theory and realpolitik. Arguably, it is the first work on realpolitik. Machiavelli wrote this book during a time of great turmoil in Italy, and from his long experience as a diplomat he came to the conclusion that lofty ideals had no place in politics/5(K).